Sarth Dasbodh

दासबोध हा समर्थ रामदासांनी रचला.

त्याचे लिखाण त्यांचे पट्टशिष्य कल्याण स्वामींनी केले. रायगड जिल्ह्यातील अत्यंत निबीड अरण्यात विसावलेल्या शिवथरची घळ या ठिकाणी हे लेखन झाले. दासबोध हा ग्रंथ एकूण २० दशकांमध्ये विभागलेला असून, प्रत्येक दशकात १० समास आहेत. एकेका समासात एक एक विषय घेऊन समर्थांनी सांसारिकांच्या, साधकांच्या, निस्पृहांच्या, विरक्तांच्या, सर्व सामान्यांच्या, बालकांच्या, प्रौढांच्या,जराजर्जरांच्या अशा सर्व जाती पंथ धर्माच्या स्त्री-पुरुषांच्या मानवी मनाला उपदेश केला आहे.

Background[edit]

या ग्रंथाचे पारायण देखील करतात. महाराष्ट्र सरकारच्या अधीन असलेल्या राज्य मराठी विकास संस्थेने ७,८०० ओव्यांचा हा ग्रंथ ऑडियो स्वरूपात उपलब्ध करून दिला आहे. शास्त्रीय गायक संजय अभ्यंकर यांच्या आवाजातल्या या ऑडियोरूपांतरित दासबोधाचे संगीत राहुल रानडे यांचे आहे. समर्थ रामदास स्वामींनी दासबोधाचे वर्णन खालीलप्रमाणे करून ठेवले आहे..भक्तांचेनि साभिमानें। कृपा केली दाशरथीनें। समर्थकृपेचीं वचनें। तो हा दासबोध ॥श्रीराम॥वीस दशक दासबोध। श्रवणद्वारें घेतां शोध। मनकर्त्यास विशद। परमार्थ होतो ॥श्रीराम॥वीस दशक दोनीसें समास। साधकें पाहावें सावकास। विवरतां विशेषाविशेष। कळों लागे ॥श्रीराम॥ग्रंथाचें करावें स्तवन। स्तवनाचें काये प्रयोजन। येथें प्रत्ययास कारण। प्रत्ययो पाहावा ॥श्रीराम॥॥ जय जय रघुवीर समर्थ ॥ .

Style[edit]

दासबोध/दशक पहिला - स्तवनांचा. दासबोध/दशक दुसरा - मूर्खलक्षणांचा. दासबोध/दशक तिसरा - सगुणपरीक्षा. दासबोध/दशक चौथा - नवविधाभक्तीचा. दासबोध/दशक पांचवा - मंत्रांचा. दासबोध/दशक सहावा - देवशोधनाचा. दासबोध/दशक सातवा - चौदा ब्रह्मांचा. दासबोध/दशक आठवा- मायोद्भवाचा. दासबोध/दशक नववा - गुणरूपाचा.

दासबोध/दशक दहावा - जगज्योतीचा.

  1. दासबोध/दशक अकरावा - भीमदशक.
  2. दासबोध/दशक बारावा - विवेकवैराग्यनाम.
  3. दासबोध/दशक तेरावा - नामरूप.
  4. दासबोध/दशक चौदावा - अखंडध्याननाम.
  5. दासबोध/दशक पंधरावा - आत्मदशक.
  6. दासबोध/दशक सोळावा - सप्ततिन्वयाचा.
  7. दासबोध/दशक सतरावा - प्रकृतिपुरुषाचा.
  8. दासबोध/दशक अठरावा - बहुजिनसी.
  9. दासबोध/दशक एकोणिसावा - शिकवणनाम.
  10. दासबोध/दशक विसावा - पूर्णदशक.
  11. "https://mr.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=दासबोध&oldid=126891" पासून हुडकले.
  12. Prudence and Renunciation
  13. Name and Form
  14. Uninterrupted meditation
  15. Soul
  16. Sun and Dynesty
  17. Creation and Creator
  18. Multifacted
  19. Teaching
  20. Complete-whole

Contents[edit]

Dāsbodh prescribes the path of devotion to God or "Bhakti mārg", and the path of Knowledge or "Jñana Marg" for liberation. Through knowledge, Ramdas clears away all doubts and gives the understanding of one's "True Self". Ramdas also reveals the true meaning and significance of "Discrimination" and "Detachment".

It deals with diverse aspects of human life such as politics, conducting business dealings and taking care of one's body and family life. One of the key messages given by Saint Ramdas is to not be lazy, as he always encouraged aspirants to earn the livelihood in a virtuous manner. The person who is ready to work will always be fortunate. Common man normally does not want to work and expects everything from God without an effort.

In Dasbodh, Samartha Ramdas presents the essence of many Vedic texts. Dasbodh is a manual for life, in the highest sense, and is somewhat unusual among spiritual literature in that it not only expounds the classic themes of discrimination between the true and the untrue and the detachment commonly found in Vedic literature, but also provides a detailed instruction on how to function and excel in society from a place of deep spiritual understanding.

Contained within the chapters of Dasbodh, Ramdas outlines the path of liberation through Devotion and Knowledge. Through knowledge, Ramdas clears away all doubts and gives the understanding of one's "True Self." Ramdas also reveals the true meaning and significance of "Discrimination" and "Detachment." Entire volumes could be written in trying to describe all that is contained within the text. It draws upon ancient Vedic texts including, but not limited to; The Vedas, the Shashtras, the Upanishads, the Avadhut Gita, the Bhagavad Gita, the Rama Gita, the Yogavasishtha, the Guru Gita, and the Brahma Sutras, to name a few. Mainly what is presented in Dasbodh is the voice of direct experience itself.

Dasbodha is an epic written by Shree Samarth. Whatever he wanted to tell the world he has conveyed through Dasbodha in a candid manner. As per the tradition in his times he wrote it in the Owi form. The contents of the book are simple, straightforward and easy to understand. It is so simple that sometimes it seems to be a prose. Dasbodha is divided in 20 main parts called as Dashak each of which contains 10 sub parts which are called as Samasas. The total Owis number 7751. Each Owi is made up of 4 lines. After being blessed by Lord Ram he wrote the Old Dasbodha. One finds the freshness, fearlessness and candidness of a person blessed with the ultimate knowledge just recently in it. After a while he started with the continuation of the work and completed up to the 7th Dashak to which he added the Dashak he had written earlier, called the Dashak of knowledge. Then throughout his life he continued writing for the Dasbodha which amounted to another 12 Dashaks. These were added to the earlier 8 ones and the final volume of the Dasbodha as we know it now was prepared just 2 months prior to the time when Shree Samarth left his mortal body. At the end of the book he has unassumingly asked the readers to study, ponder over, introspect and not just only read the whole Dasbodha.

Popularity[edit]

Dāsbodh has been popular for many years in India. Only recently has it begun to receive recognition in the West. Dāsbodh is recommended by the Inchegeri Sampradaya, including Shri Siddharameshwar Maharaj.[1]

Translations[edit]

Dāsbodh has been translated into many Indian and other languages including German, English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Gujrathi and Sindhi.[2]

  • Sanskrit
  • Hindi (four different authors (Chitrashala press Poona copy, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Mumbai, copy, Hindi Sahitya Kutir, Banaras copy and Quills Ink))
    • Shree Ramdas Swami (2014), GRANTHRAJ DASBODH, Suresh Sumant, Quills Ink Private Limited
  • Telugu (Sundaraiyya vidnyan kendram copy and Vedavyas Mudraksharshala chittur copy)
  • Kannada
  • Tamil
  • Sindhi
  • English (four different authors)
    • SADGURU SHREE SAMARTH RAMDAS SWAMI MAHARAJ, THE DASBODHA(PDF), siddharameshwar.org
    • Samartha Ramdas (2010), Dasbodh - Spiritual Instruction for the Servant, Sadguru Publishing

References[edit]

  1. ^http://www.inner-quest.org/Ranjit_Interview.htm
  2. ^http://www.Dāsbodh.com[permanent dead link] Dāsbodh.com : Online library containing Dāsbodh in various languages

External links[edit]

Marathi Wikisource has original text related to this article:
  • Shri Dasbodh of Shri Samartha Ramdas (Original Marathi) - Free Download at archive.org
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